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The Names of Allah, subhana watala

According to Quran and Sunnah

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Surely, the Muttaqun (the pious who fear Allah swt much) desire to be amongst the Mufarradun (those who remember Allah, subhana watala, much, and whose enemies are destroyed by Allah, t'ala, for their wrong deeds).

The Names of Allaah mentioned in the Qur'aan and Sunnah number over one hundred, as several scholars have agreed (see Al-Qawaa'id al-Muthlaa fi Sifaat Allaahi wa Asmaa'ihi by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn 'Uthaymeen). Among these names are 99 that will lead to paradise, insha'Allah.

There is a list of 99 specific Names of Allah that is found in hadith and is rejected as 'weak' by the following scholars: at-Tirmidhi, al-Baihaqi, ibn Hazm, al-Dawudi, ibn Taymiya, ibn Katheer, ibn Hajr, al-Juwaini, ibn Baz, al-Albani, ibn Uthaimin and Abdul Qadir al-Arnaut.  They consider the actual listing of the names as a later addition by one of the narrators of the hadith and that some narrators mistakenly included it as part of the hadith. This well-known or at least highly publicized list contains Names of Allah swt that cannot be found in authentic hadith or Quranic text. Meanwhile, modern day Sufi's exploit this list by offering mystical, unsupported advice for the use of each Name (i.e. "say this 100 times in a row over a glass of water, blow on it, and you are guaranteed success...").

The fact that there are 99 Names leading to paradise, is authenticated in the following hadith, although it does not list which Names those are:

  • Hadith - Sahih Muslim and Bukhari 8:419, Narrated Abu Huraira : Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever 'ahsaha' [enumerates them, believes in them, ponders their meanings, worships Allah by them and supplicates with them, and acts by them according to one's belief in them] will enter Paradise; and Allah is Witr ("Odd", i.e. He is one, and it is an odd number) and loves 'the Witr' (i.e., odd numbers).

The Names of Allah swt should be memorized, understood, acted upon, and called upon.

The 99 Names listed on these pages are not necessarily the 99 that you should learn in order to attain paradise, but are merely provided as a starting point for learning and ultimate means to draw near your Lord.



The Noble Qur'an Ta-Ha 20:8

Allâh! Lâ ilâhla illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names.


The Noble Qur'an Al-A'raf 7:180

And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allâh, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.


"Shall I not inform you of the best of your deeds, the most sanctified in the sight of your Lord, that raises your ranks and that is better for you than spending in gold and money and better for you than meeting your enemy, striking their necks and them striking your necks?"  They said, "Certainly [tell us]."  He said, "It is dhikr (the remembrance of Allah).".

[Recorded by Al-Tirmidhi. Sahih by al-Albani. Muhammad Naasir al-Deen al-Albani, Sahih al-Jaami al-Sagher, vol. 1, p. 612]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) made the following supplication, "[O Allah], I ask you of you by every name that You have named yourself or that You have revealed in Your book or that You have taught any of Your creation or that You have kept hidden, in the unseen knowledge, with Yourself." (Recorded by Ahmad, According to al-Albani, it is sahih.)


1. ALLAH God Ta Ha v 14

Allah

2. AL-'AZIZ The Mighty One Hashr v 23

al-'Aziz (The Strong)

3. AL-'ALIM The All-Knowing Al-Baqarah v 115

4. AL-'AZIM The Great One Al-Baqarah v 255

5. AL-'ALIYY The Sublime Shura v 12

6. AL-AHAD The One Ikhlas v 1

7. AL-AWWAL The First Hadid v 3

8. AL-AKHIR The Last Hadid v 3
9. AL-'AFUW The Pardoner Nisa v 149

10. AL-AKRAM The Most Bounteous 'Alq v 3

11. AL-A'LA The Most High A'la v 7

12. AL-'ALLAM The Omniscient Ma'ida v 112

13. AL-BARI' The Maker Hashr v 24

14. AL-BASIR The All-Seeing One Al-'Imran v 15

15. AL-BATIN The Hidden Hadid v 3

16. AL-BARR The Source of All Goodness Tur v 28

17. AL-BADI' The Originator Al-Baqarah v 117

18. AL-BA'ITH The Awakener Hajj v 7

19. AL-BAQI The Everlasting One Rahman v 27

20. AL-FATTAH The Judge Al-Saba v 26

21. AL-FATIR The Creator Shura v 11

22. AL-GHAFFAR The Great Forgiver Nuh v 10
23. AL-GHAFUR The All-Forgiving Mala'ikah v 28

24. AL-GHANI The Self-Sufficient Mala'ikah v 15

25. AL-GHAFIR The Forgiver Mu'min v 3

26. GHALIB The Predominant Yusuf v 21

27. AL-HALIM The Clement Banu Isra'il v 44

28. AL-HAFIIZ The Preserver Hud v 57

29. AL-HASIB The Reckoner Nisa v 6

al-Hasib (The Reckoner)

30. AL-HAKIM The Wise Al-Baqarah v 129

31. AL-HAQQ The Truth Hajj v 6

32. AL-HAMEED The Praiseworthy Hajj v 64

33. AL-HAYY The Alive Al-Imran v 2

34. AL-HADI The Guide Furqan v 31

35. AL-HAAFIZ The Protector Yusuf v 64

36. AL-HAFIYY The Gracious Maryam v 47

37. AL-ILAH God Ambiya v 108

38. AL-JABBAR The Compeller Hashr v 23

al-Jabbar (The Compeller)

39. AL-JAME' The Gatherer Al-Imran v 9

40. AL-JALEEL The Glorious Rahman v 78

41. AL-KHALIQ The Creator Hashr v 24

42. AL-KHABIR The Aware Al-Saba' v 1

43. AL-KABIR The Most Great Al-Saba' v 23

44. AL-KAFIL The Surety Nahl v 91

45. AL-KHALLAQ The Creator Hijr v 86

46. AL-KAFI The Sufficient One Zumar v 36

47. AL-LATIF The Subtle One Al-An'am v 104

48. AL-MALIK The Sovereign Ta Ha v 114

al-Malik

49. AL-MU'MIN The Giver of Peace Hashr v 23

al-Mu'min (The Giver of Peace)

50. AL-MUHAIMIN The Protector Hashr v 23

al-Muhaimin (The Protector)

51. AL-MUTAKABBIR The Majestic Hashr v 23

52. AL-MUSAWWIR The Fashioner Hashr v 24
53. AL-MUQIT The Maintainer, The Protector, The Guardian, The Feeder, The Sustainer Nisa v 85

al-Muqit (The Maintainer)

54. AL-MUJIB The Responsive Hud v 61

55. AL-MAJID The Most Glorious One Hud v 73

56. AL-MATIN The Firm One Zariyat v 58

57. AL-MUQTADIR The Powerful Qamar v 42

58. AL-MUTA'ALI The Most Exalted Ra'd v 11

59. AL-MUBIN The Manifest Nur v 25

60. AL-MAULA The Patron Anfal v 40

61. AL-MALIIK The King, The Sovereign Qamar v 55

62. AL-MUHIT All-Pervading Fussliat v 54

63. AL-MUSTA'AN One Who is called upon for help Ambiya v 112

64. AL-MANNAN The Gracious Al-Imran v 164

65. AL-MUHYI The Giver of Life Rum v 50

66. AL-MUMIT The Giver of Death A'raf v 28

67. AN-NUR The Light Nur v 35

68. AL-NASIR The Helper Nisa v 45

69. AL-QUDDUS The Holy Hashr v 23

al-Quddus (The Holy)

70. AL-QAHHAR The Dominant Ra'd v 16

71. AL-QARIB The Nigh Hud v 61

72. AL-QAWI The Most Strong Hajj v 74

73. AL-QAYYUM The Self-Subsisting Al-Imran v 2

74. AL-QAADIR The Able An'am v 65

75. AL-QADIIR The Mighty Nahl v 70
76. AL-QAHIR The Omnipotent An'am v 18

77. AR-RAHMAN The Compassionate Al-Baqarah v 163

al-Rahman

78. AR-RAHIM The Merciful Fatiha v 1-2

al-Rahim

79. AR-RAZZAQ The Provider Zariyat v 58

80. AR-RAQEEB The Watchful, The Observer Nisa v 7

81. AR-RA'UF The Compassionate Nur v 20

82. AR-RABB The Sustainer Al-Imran v 51

83. AR-RAFI' The Sublime Mu'min v 15

84. AS-SALAM The Author of Safety, THe Provider of Peace Hashr v 23

al-Salam (The Author of Safety)

85. AS-SAMI' The All-Hearing Al-Imran v 38

86. ASH-SHAKUR The Appreciative Mala'ikah v 34

87. ASH-SHAHID The Witness Nisa v 79

88. AS-SAMAD The Eternal Ikhlas v 2

89. ASH-SHAAKIR The Appreciative Al-Baqarah v 158

90. AT-TAWWAB The Acceptor of Repentance Mu'min v 3

91. AL-WAHHAB The Bestower Al-Imran v 18

92. AL-WASI The All-Embracing Al-Baqarah v 247

93. AL-WADUD The Loving Hud v 90

94. AL-WAKIL The Trustee Nisa v 81

95. AL-WALI The Protecting Friend Al-Baqarah v 257

96. AL-WAAHID The One Mu'min v 16

97. AL-WAALI The Governor Ra'd v 11

98. AL-WAARITH The Inheritor Hijr v 23

99. AZ-ZAHIR The Manifest Hadid v 3

Yahyâ ibn Mu‘âdh (rahimahullâh) said,

"Renew your hearts with the remembrance of Allâh because it rushes into forgetfulness."

Action Items for the Muttaqun:

  • Memorize the Names/Attributes of Allah, subhana watala

  • Do dhikr (remembrance of Allah)

    • For example, say "ya" ("Oh") before any of the above Names of Allah, swt, i.e. say "Ya-Rahman" or "Ya-Raheem", etc. It is recommended to repeat names an odd number of times such as eleven times.  

    • The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There are two qualities or characteristics which will not be returned by any Muslim without his entering Paradise. While they are easy, those who act upon them are few. One should say: "Glory be to Allah" (SubnahAllah) ten times after every prayer, "Praise be to Allah" (Alhamdulilah) ten times and "Allah is Most Great" (Allahu Akbar) ten times. That is a hundred and fifty on the tongue, but one thousand and five hundred on the scale. When he goes to bed, he should say: "Allah is Most Great" thirty-four times, "Praise be to Allah" thirty-three times, and Glory be to Allah thirty-three times, for that is a hundred on the tongue and a thousand on the scale. (He said:) I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) counting them on his hand. The people asked: Apostle of Allah! How is it that while they are easy, those who act upon them are few? He replied: The Devil comes to one of you when he goes to bed and he makes him sleep, before he utters them, and he comes to him while he is engaged in prayer and calls a need to his mind before he utters them. [Dawud 5047]

  • Do not use what is marketed as "dhikr beads"... use your right hand and count on the inside joints.  

  • Each time you are calling upon Allah's intervention in your life in regard to that attribute (name).  Dhikr is a very integral part of a Muslim/Muslimah's life.

Remember... Allah, subhana watala, sees everything we do!

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