- Sahih Bukhari 2:422, Narrated
a human being is laid in his grave and his companions return and he
hears their foot steps, two angels come to him and make him sit and ask
'What did you use to say about this man, Muhammad?' He will say: 'I
that he is Allah's slave and His Apostle.' Then it will be said to him,
at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given you a place in Paradise
of it.' " The Prophet
dead person will see both his places. But a non-believer or a hypocrite
say to the angels, 'I do not know, but I used to say what the people
to say! It will be said to him, 'Neither did you know nor did you take
guidance (by reciting the Quran).' Then he will be hit with an iron
between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry will be heard by
approaches him except human beings and jinns."
funeral procession passed in front
of the Prophet
the people praised the
deceased. The Prophet
has been affirmed (Paradise)." Then another funeral
by and the people talked badly of the deceased. The Prophet
has been affirmed (Hell)." Allah's Apostle
asked, "O Allah's Apostle!
You said it has been affirmed for both?" The Prophet
testimony of the people (is accepted), (for) the believers are Allah's
on the earth."
Attending the Funeral of Fasiqun
Noble Qur'an -
9:84, see also Hadith - Bukhari 2:359,
And never (O Muhammad
pray (funeral prayer) for
any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at his grave.
they disbelieved in Allah and Allah's Messenger, and died while they
Fasiqun (rebellious, -- disobedient to Allah and Allah's Messenger
Hadith - Bukhari
2:345, Narrated Um 'Atiyya
, see also
Bukhari 2:350, 352
to us and we were giving
a bath to his (dead) daughter and said, "Wash
five or more times with water and Sidr and sprinkle camphor on her at
end; and when you finish, notify me." So when we finished,
him and he gave us his waist-sheet and told us to shroud her in it.
said that Hafsa narrated to him a narration similar to that of Muhammad
which it was said that the bath was to be given for an odd number of
and the numbers 3, 5 or 7 were mentioned. It was also said that they
to start with the right side and with the parts which were washed in
and that Um 'Atiyya also mentioned, "We combed her hair and divided
in three braids."
Abu Dawud, Narrated Abdullah
your white garments, for they are among your best garments, and shroud
dead in them.
Hadith - Bukhari
2:369, Narrated Muhammad
of the sons of Um
'Atiyya died, and when
it was the third day she asked for a yellow perfume and put it over her
and said, "We were forbidden to mourn for more than three days except
Bukhari 7:254, Narrated Um
We were forbidden to mourn for more
days for a dead person, except for a husband, for whom a wife should
for four months and ten days (while in the mourning period) we were not
to put kohl in our eyes, nor perfume ourselves, nor wear dyed clothes,
a garment of 'Asb (special clothes made in Yemen). But it was
for us that when one of us became clean from her menses and took a
she could use a piece of a certain kind of incense. And it
for us to follow funeral processions.
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafic
bint Abi Ubayd suffered from an eye-complaint while she was in mourning
her husband, Abdullah ibn Umar. She did not apply kohl until her eyes
had ramas (a dry white secretion in the corners of the eye).
Malik said, "A woman whose husband has died
anoint her eyes with olive oil and sesame oil and the like of that
there is no perfume in it."
Malik said, "A woman in mourning for her
not put on any jewellery - rings, anklets, or such-like, neither should
dress in any sort of colourful, striped garment unless it is coarse.
should not wear any cloth dyed with anything except black, and she
only dress her hair with things like lotus-tree leaves which do not dye
Graves should not be marked or built.
after the Death of a Loved One
- Al-Muwatta 16.43
Yahya related to me
from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad
said, "One of my wives died and Muhammad ibn Kab al Quradhi came to
me about her. He told me of one among the Bani Israil who was a
worshipping, knowing and understanding man who had a wife that he
and loved, and she died. He grieved over her intensely and lamented her
he withdrew into a house and locked himself in, hidden from everyone,
no-one visited him.
A woman heard about him and went to him, saying, 'I need him to give me
opinion. Nothing will satisfy me except what he says about it.'
went away, but she stuck to his door and said, 'I must see him.'
said to him, 'There is a woman who wishes to ask your opinion about
and she insisted, 'I will only talk to him about it.' When everyone had
away, and she still had not left his door, he said, 'Let her in.' So
went in and saw him and said, 'I have come to ask your opinion about
He said, 'What is it?'
She said, 'I borrowed a piece of jewellery from a neighbour of mine,
I have worn it and used it for a long time. Then they sent to me for
Should I let them have it back?' He said, 'Yes, by Allah.' She said, 'I
had it for a long time.' He said, 'It is more correct for you to return
to them, since they have lent it to you for such a long time.'
She said, 'Yes. May Allah have mercy on you. Do you then grieve over
Allah has lent you and then taken from you, when He has a greater right
it than you?' Then he saw the situation he was in, and Allah helped him
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